See an introduktion to Socratic seminars at Colegio Lope de Vega in Benidorm, Spain. PhD Ann S. Pihlgren introduces the socratic seminars to the teachers. The session is held in English and interpreted to Spanish:
Here you find the text Scissors, by the Spanish writer Emilia Pardo-Bazán in English: Scissors
Here you find the plan for the Socratic seminar Scissors in English: Socratic Seminar Plan Scissors
The Spanish text Las Tijeras: Las tijeras
The Socratic seminar plan for Las Tijeras in Spanish: Planificación de Las Tijeras
The Swedish text Saxen: Sokratiskt samtal om Saxen
The Swedish plan for a Socratic seminar on Saxen: Saxen Planering sokratiskt samtal
The countess Emilia Pardo-Bazán (La Coruña 1851-Madrid 1921) was a Spanish professor in history of literature, as well as an author and poet. She is regarded as a tentative realist and is especially appreciated for her vivid portrayals of the life of the people. Scissors is one of her short stories, an art form that she considered to be the most versatile and free literary genre.
Spanish short stories have a long and rich tradition. The short tales originated in Persia and became part of the Spanish culture with the Islamic conquest of Spain – or Al-Andalus, the Arabic name of the Iberian Peninsula – in the 8th century. The great caliphate in Córdoba had excessive libraries and the books later became the first to be translated to a European language, Spanish, by the young Infant (successor of the throne) Alfonso, later Alfonso X, in the 13th century.
The Spanish novel often deals with subjects that show contrasts between the ideal and the reality, often depicting individuals with simple backgrounds showing everyday wisdom. A version of the short story is the Spanish picaresque (picaresco), a novel built on several episodes, where the plot is kept together by a main character – a scoundrel, loafer, or a villain. A famous example is the well-known Don Quijote by Miguel Cervantes, whose house still can be seen in Altea’s old town.